Some people live life in the fast lane – I live in oncoming traffic.
Please note, I will be leaving this blog up until the end of the year. However, I have moved a copy of these posts as well as updated posts to:
Hope to see you all there!
Okay, in this post you are going to find some of my personal thoughts. Ya, a bit scary right? However, this topic has been going on for some time and you will find posts, retractions, clarifications, etc all over the web in regards to this topic.
The PDC Emulator and what does it do? People keep asking the question about there being no actual PDC in the domain any longer in a Windows® domain. That there is no such thing, that the PDC emulator is only important in a mixed mode environment.
Hey, if that above is true, then why do we really care about this FSMO at all (In Native Mode)? Why do we need to worry about its placement, and is there really a PDC/BDC environment in the Windows® architecture today?
I started this topic after having a discussion with a Project Manager (PM) about a client today in front of a group of other technical folks who more or less tried to call me stupid. Even had their own laugh track to start with when they thought I was out of ear shot. Since this they have been educated a bit more. J
First let’s start off with you, the reader, receiving a better understanding of why the PDC emulator role is important. Start off by reading here.
Personal Note: If you have Windows® administration, networking, or security questions, Mitch Tulloch is a Microsoft MVP you can look to for the answers.
Okay, my hope is that you read the link before continuing. If not, make sure you go open that link and start reading!
So, Microsoft(r) states that the PDC/BDC relationship no longer exists as we knew it in NT days past. This is true, technically speaking. Understanding however how things really work for the PDC emulator FSMO might help you to realize that, in a fashion, the old “laws” still exist and that there is really a PDC/BDC role model “after a fashion”. Let’s take a look at what the PDC Emulator does; start by going here:
(For those of you who didn’t follow the link I will outline below from Daniel Petri from this link: http://www.petri.co.il/understanding_fsmo_roles_in_ad.htm)
In a Windows® 2000/2003 domain, the PDC emulator role has the following functions:
- Password changes performed by other DCs in the domain are replicated preferentially to the PDC emulator.
- Authentication failures that occur at a given DC in a domain because of an incorrect password are forwarded to the PDC emulator before a bad password failure message is reported to the user.
- Account lockout is processed on the PDC emulator.
- Editing or creation of Group Policy Objects (GPO) is always done from the GPO copy found in the PDC Emulator’s SYSVOL share, unless configured not to do so by the administrator.
- The PDC emulator performs all of the functionality that a Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 Server-based PDC or earlier PDC performs for Windows NT 4.0-based or earlier clients.*
*This part of the PDC emulator role becomes unnecessary when all workstations, member servers, and domain controllers that are running Windows NT 4.0 or earlier are all upgraded to Windows 2000/2003. The PDC emulator still performs the other functions as described in a Windows 2000/2003 environment.
At any one time, there can be only one domain controller acting as the PDC emulator master in each domain in the forest.
We also need to remember that the PDC emulator is responsible for (as outlined by Mitch Tulloch found on the first link in this post):
- Root Time
- Remember if this role holder fails you will see the most problems occurring on your network.
- For every N domain in the forest you will have N DCs with the PDC emulator role.
- This role is arguably the most heavily utilized role and should not house the Global Catalog (GC) as this will help load balance in larger environments.
Also of note: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_Domain_Controller
So the next time you hear someone ask if there is a such thing as a PDC tell them “technically” no in a Native Mode environment. But as I tell folks, practically speaking, yes. If you get kick back or “guff” about it, remember there is plenty of fire power out there to back you up.
If they don’t believe you, ask them to shut down the server with the PDC Emulator role. 🙂
(Thank you to Mitch Tulloch and Daniel Petri’s sites and to Google! This post and my thoughts probably wouldn’t have been coherent with out them!) :p
Due to recent budget cuts and the cost of electricity,
gas and oil, as well as current market conditions,
and the continued decline of the U.S. economy,
The Light at the End of the Tunnel has been turned off.
We apologize for the inconvenience.
We have been notified that a data breach occurred at Heartland Payment, a company that processes credit and debit card transactions nationally for restaurants and small businesses. Please keep in mind that data breaches seldom lead to fraud and rarely identity theft. For your security, please monitor your statements and account activity thoroughly. If you suspect suspicious activity, contact your bank immediately.
Above is the note I received from my bank today. I felt it was important to share with you, the readers, and hope in some small way it helps you at least be alert for any suspicious activities on your credit/debit cards.
At this moment I’m trying to see if I can get an idea of restaurants that would have been using Heartland Payment as their provider to help further if possible.
I do feel that it was a disservice to mention that data breaches’ “seldom lead to fraud and rarely identity theft” by the bank that services my accounts. I personally take any data breach seriously and would want all of us to protect against fraud and identity theft. The fact that the data security is breached is enough to be concerned. If it wasn’t of concern financial institutions wouldn’t be asked to report on it. A good place to start is to balance your bank statement and keep receipts until you do. Otherwise you really never know now do you?
Welcome to 2009!!
This year there is a need for many changes. I don’t just say this because, personally, I want changes. I say this because the world has gone to hell in a hand basket!
War, political tensions, finances – to include government/markets/business/individual, and complete idiocy world wide.
2009 is the year of changes geopolitically; and if you chose to it is the year of personal financial changes.
2009 is not the year for the world financial markets. This would in turn mean it is most likely not the year of “turn around” for most businesses either. It is not the year for the markets to make a drastic turn around. Are we seeing a trend here? This is not the year for the governmental budgets (Federal, State, nor Local) to become balanced; no matter how much we desire that.
What do I mean by geopolitically; simply put we all will see changes. Regardless of your geography, demography, economics, and most importantly in foreign policies of nations. Now I’m not geopolitical college grad, nor am I the smartest match stick in the box at times albeit. However, if you do not see these changes already steamrolling ahead beware, you’re about to get run over by a very large train!
As for personal financial changes, up to the individual of course, I feel that we all need to look at our personal finances. Learn from the past decade of financial debauchery. How do you see your finances? Do you see being able to retire when you’d like to retire. Be realistic about your retirement age when thinking about this. Did you know if you were just to put away $25 a week you could live off the dividends by the time you’re around 35? Why not start that now? How did you fair with your 401k/personal investments; is it time to make changes there for your future?
Regardless of where you stand today please know that 2009 is a new year. You can start now no matter your situation. Become prepared for your future and the looming changes in the years ahead.
Happy New Year to you and yours!
I’ve mulled this over for some time. I’m even putting this post on a “delayed” entry status so that it posts in the afternoon after I have had a chance to decide if I want it to post or not.
I usually don’t do “book reviews” as it were here on this site. I share insights with friends about authors, content, etc.
This time, however, I feel drawn to write a review of this particular book I have recently read.
“The Dwelling” by Susie Moloney is a great book. A haunted house/horror fiction read that kept me turning pages until it was complete. I must admit that it has been a long time since a book has had such an affect on me. I started reading Steven King when I was in the 3rd grade (Ricahrd Bachman too!;) ) and this was the only other author that has ever been able to give me nightmares. Those happened when I was a kid!!
Now I’m a bit older *ahem*. However, this was the first time, when I finally went to sleep, since 3rd grade, I had nightmares. IT WAS GREAT!!
I know sounds twisted right?
I’m one who likes to get into my reading. I like when an author can draw you in and just when you think that you can find a point to stop because the read is “ebbing” out of you you’re inexorably drawn back in. If a fiction book can make me think “outside of the box” we put reality in; I greatly enjoy it. If a horror book makes me check the closet before going to bed, or look for “Chucky” under my bed, it was a great read. However, if a book can induce me to dream in it’s context … I don’t dream; there was a period in life of nightmares of remembered past … but I haven’t “dreamed” since I was a kid … that book is stunning and a world apart.
“The Dwelling” by Susie Moloney is one such book that is a world apart. I personally was drawn in by the first family’s experience moving into 362 Belisle street and how the realtor is interwoven throughout the whole story. The second part where divorcee Barbra and Peter (he prefers being called Peter and not Petey you know) is riveting and in the end somehow touching; albeit in a disturbing way for most. The third person to move in is Mr. Bramley and he is hit full force with his past and present circumstances. Of course there is also the realtor and the house; let us not forget their tales.
After reading “The Dwelling” I have asked that my local library place a hold on Susie Moloney’s other two books she has written: “A Dry Spell” and “Bastion Falls”
I eagerly hope that each of the other books she has written entice me such as “The Dwelling” has done.
I’ve been looking for yet another good author to read! 😉